Springer

  • Relative entropy has played a significant role in various fields of mathematics and physics as the quantum version of the Kullback-Leibler divergence in classical theory. Many variations of relative entropy have been introduced so far with applications to quantum information and related subjects. Typical examples are three different classes, called the standard, the maximal, and the measured f-divergences, all of which are defined in terms of (operator) convex functions f on (0,8) and have respective mathematical and information theoretical backgrounds. The a-Rényi relative entropy and its new version called the sandwiched a-Rényi relative entropy have also been useful in recent developments of quantum information.
    In the first half of this monograph, the different types of quantum f-divergences and the Rényi-type divergences mentioned above in the general von Neumann algebra setting are presented for study. While quantum information has been developing mostly in the finite-dimensional setting, it is widely believed that von Neumann algebras provide the most suitable framework in studying quantum information and related subjects. Thus, the advance of quantum divergences in von Neumann algebras will be beneficial for further development of quantum information. 
    Quantum divergences are functions of two states (or more generally, two positive linear functionals) on a quantum system and measure the difference between the two states. They are often utilized to address such problems as state discrimination, error correction, and reversibility of quantum operations. In the second half of the monograph, the reversibility/sufficiency theory for quantum operations (quantum channels) between von Neumann algebras via quantum f-divergences is explained, thus extending and strengthening Petz' previous work.
    For the convenience of the reader, an appendix including concise accounts of von Neumann algebras is provided.

  • This monograph focuses on the mathematical and numerical analysis of simplicial partitions and the finite element method. This active area of research has become an essential part of physics and engineering, for example in the study of problems involving heat conduction, linear elasticity, semiconductors, Maxwell's equations, Einstein's equations and magnetic and gravitational fields.
    These problems require the simulation of various phenomena and physical fields over complicated structures in three (and higher) dimensions. Since not all structures can be decomposed into simpler objects like d-dimensional rectangular blocks, simplicial partitions are important. In this book an emphasis is placed on angle conditions guaranteeing the convergence of the finite element method for elliptic PDEs with given boundary conditions. 
    It is aimed at a general mathematical audience who is assumed to be familiar with only a few basic results from linear algebra, geometry, and mathematical and numerical analysis. 

  • The package of Gromov's pseudo-holomorphic curves is a major tool in global symplectic geometry and its applications, including mirror symmetry and Hamiltonian dynamics. The Kuranishi structure was introduced by two of the authors of the present volume in the mid-1990s to apply this machinery on general symplectic manifolds without assuming any specific restrictions. It was further amplified by this book's authors in their monograph Lagrangian Intersection Floer Theory and in many other publications of theirs and others. Answering popular demand, the authors now present the current book, in which they provide a detailed, self-contained explanation of the theory of Kuranishi structures.
    Part I discusses the theory on a single space equipped with Kuranishi structure, called a K-space, and its relevant basic package. First, the definition of a K-space and maps to the standard manifold are provided. Definitions are given for fiber products, differential forms, partitions of unity, and the notion of CF-perturbations on the K-space. Then, using CF-perturbations, the authors define the integration on K-space and the push-forward of differential forms, and generalize Stokes' formula and Fubini's theorem in this framework. Also, "virtual fundamental class" is defined, and its cobordism invariance is proved.
    Part II discusses the (compatible) system of K-spaces and the process of going from "geometry" to "homological algebra". Thorough explanations of the extension of given perturbations on the boundary to the interior are presented. Also explained is the process of taking the "homotopy limit" needed to handle a system of infinitely many moduli spaces. Having in mind the future application of these chain level constructions beyond those already known, an axiomatic approach is taken by listing the properties of the system of the relevant moduli spaces and then a self-contained account of the construction of the associated algebraic structures is given. This axiomatic approach makes the exposition contained here independent of previously published construction of relevant structures. 

  • Environmental chemistry is a fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. Chapters review analysis and remediation of pollutants such as greenhouse gases, chiral pharmaceuticals, dyes, chlorinated organics, arsenic, toxic metals and pathogen in air, water, plant and soil. Several highlights include the overlooked impact of air pollutants from buildings for health risk, innovative remediation techniques such as bioreactors for gas treatment, electrochemical cleaning of pharmaceuticals, sequestration on Fe-Mn nodules, phytoremediation and photocatalytical inactivation of microbial pathogens. This book will be a valuable source of information for engineers and students developing novel applied techniques to monitor and clean pollutants in air, wastewater, soils and sediments. 

  • This book offers a wide-ranging and up-to-date overview of the basic science underlying PET and
    its preclinical and clinical applications in modern medicine. In addition, it provides the reader with a sound understanding of the scientific principles and use of PET in routine practice and biomedical imaging research. The opening sections address the fundamental physics, radiation safety, CT scanning dosimetry, and dosimetry of PET radiotracers, chemistry and regulation of PET radiopharmaceuticals, with information on labeling strategies, tracer quality control, and regulation of radiopharmaceutical production in Europe and the United States. PET physics and instrumentation are then discussed, covering the basic principles of PET and PET scanning systems, hybrid PET/CT and PET/MR imaging, system calibration, acceptance testing, and quality control. Subsequent sections focus on image reconstruction, processing, and quantitation in PET and hybrid PET and on imaging artifacts and correction techniques, with particular attention to partial volume correction and motion artifacts. The book closes by examining clinical applications of PET and hybrid PET and their physiological and/or molecular basis in conjunction with technical foundations in the disciplines of oncology, cardiology and neurology, PET in pediatric malignancy and its role in radiotherapy treatment planning. Basic Science of PET Imaging will meet the needs of nuclear medicine practitioners, other radiology specialists, and trainees in these fields.

  • This book provides a  concise introduction to convex duality in financial mathematics. Convex duality plays an essential role in dealing with financial problems and involves maximizing concave utility functions and minimizing convex risk measures. Recently, convex and generalized convex dualities have shown to be crucial in the process of the dynamic hedging of contingent claims. Common underlying principles and connections between different perspectives are developed; results are illustrated through graphs and explained heuristically. This book can be used as a reference and is aimed toward graduate students, researchers and practitioners in mathematics, finance, economics, and optimization. Topics include: Markowitz portfolio theory, growth portfolio theory, fundamental theorem of asset pricing emphasizing the duality between utility optimization and pricing by martingale measures, risk measures and its dual representation, hedging and super-hedging and its relationship with linear programming duality and the duality relationship in dynamic hedging of contingent claims

  • Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er war einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik. Und er war 1933 der jüngste Theoretiker, der den Nobelpreis für Physik erhalten hatte. Dirac war seltsam wortkarg, nahm alles wrtlich und seine gehemmte Art zu kommunizieren und seine mangelnde Empathiefähigkeit wurden legendär. Während seiner erfolgreichsten Schaffensperiode bestanden seine Postkarten ins Elternhaus nur aus Berichten über das Wetter. Auf der Basis zuvor nicht entdeckter Unterlagen aus dem Familienarchiv verbindet Graham Farmelo eine kenntnisreiche Schilderung der wissenschaftlichen Leistungen mit einem einfühlsamen Portrait des Individuums Paul Dirac. Er zeigt einen Menschen, der trotz extremer sozialer Gehemmtheit fähig ist zur Liebe und zu treuer Freundschaft. Der seltsamste Mensch ist eine außerordentliche menschlich berührende Story ebenso wie ein fesselnder Bericht über eine der aufregendsten Zeiten der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. 

  • Dieses Buch bietet Sicherheit: Effiziente Diagnostik, verwertbare Ergebnisse, zuverlässige Bewertung. Fehlinterpretationen knnen zu aufwändiger Zusatzdiagnostik und Therapie führen und belasten unntig den Patienten.Für alle, die endokrinologische Funktionstests durchführen und bewerten: Endokrinologen, Diabetologen, Gynäkologen, Urologen, Andrologen, Pädiater, Internisten Alles, was wichtig istDie 175 wichtigsten Funktionstests und HormonparameterRadiologisches/nuklearmedizinisches Basiswissen für die DiagnostikGenotyp-Phänotyp-Beziehung für genetisch bedingte EndokrinopathienAusführliche Tabellen zu Normbereichen und verlässlichen Cut-off-Werten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Geschlecht, Alter, BMI, Pubertätsphasen, Zyklusphasen, akuten Erkrankungen, Medikamenten Detailiert und praxisrelevantIndikationen, Kontraindikationen, NebenwirkungenTestvorbereitung, RahmenbedingungenKonkrete Handlungsanleitungen zur TestdurchführungSichere Bewertung der ErgebnissePraxistipps und potentielle FallstrickeNEU u.aOsteodensitometrie mit BefundungsbeispielenScoring/Grading-Systeme in der Endokrinologie sowie zur Einteilung maligner endokriner TumoreTestverfahren für periphere und autonome Neuropathie-DiagnostikHormonmissbrauch/HormontoxikologieNach den Leitlinien der DGIM, DGE, DDG

  • Dieses Kitteltaschenbuch vermittelt prägnant und übersichtlich die wichtigsten Fakten für die erfolgreiche Therapie von Infektionen mit multiresistenten Erregern wie MRSA, VRE, MRGN und MDR-TB. Lesen Sie, welche Antibiotika bei welchen Infektionen greifen und wie sich Therapieversagen und Resistenzentwicklungen verhindern lassen. Das Werk wendet sich an alle Ärzte, die Patienten mit Infektionen durch multiresistente Erreger betreuen.Der InhaltDie wichtigsten Antibiotika bei Infektionen durchmultiresistente Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), wie   eitrige Weichteil- und Gewebsinfektionen, Bakteriämien, Endokarditiden, Osteomyelitis, septische Arthritis und ZNS-Infektionenmultiresistente gramnegative Erregern (MRGN)Vancomycin resistente Enterokokken (VRE) "multidrug resistent tuberculosis" (MDR-TB), wie der MDR/XDR-TBC oder XDR-TBPlus: Checkliste für das beste Vorgehen im Verdachtsfall und viele Praxistipps

  • Mit Sterben und Tod beschäftigt sich jeder Mensch im Laufe des Lebens, auch Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung. Diese Menschen haben jedoch besondere Bedürfnisse: Ihr Zugang und Wissensstand unterscheiden sich oft deutlich von denen anderer Menschen, und dies führt im Betreuungsalltag oft zu Unsicherheiten. Die Autorin skizziert die Todes- und Lebenskonzepte von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung und stellt ein Schulungsprogramm für sie vor zu Lebensphasen, Palliativpflege, Sterben, Tod und Trauer. Mit methodischen Hinweisen und Praxistipps.

  • BREXIT

    Rudolf G. Adam

    This book offers a comprehensive political assessment of Brexit. Based on a historical review of the role of the United Kingdom in the European Union, the author, a former diplomat at the German embassy in London, presents well-founded insights into arguments in favor and against the Brexit deal and the status quo of the Brexit negotiations. Furthermore, the book discusses the consequences of Brexit - for the UK and the rest of the EU, for security in Europe, and for the transatlantic relationship, as well as for global trade relations and the competitiveness of Europe and the UK.

  • Die Anwendung der Beatmungstherapie ist komplex und umfassend. Hier finden Sie die wichtigsten Fakten zu Prinzipien der Beatmung, Einstellungen bei bestimmten Krankheitsbildern und Maßnahmen bei Komplikationen. Übersichtlich - praxisrelevant und auf das Wesentliche reduziert.

  • Franchisesysteme von Grund auf verstehen, systematisch aufbauen und für alle Beteiligten zum Erfolg machen ist ein komplexes Unterfangen. Wie das geht, erfahren Sie in diesem Buch. Die Autoren geben sowohl Franchisegebern als auch Franchisenehmern wertvolle Strategien und Tools für das Tagesgeschäft an die Hand und liefern Antworten auf grundlegende Fragen: Wie knnen verschiedene Franchisesysteme aus den unterschiedlichsten Perspektiven bewertet werden? Welche Rolle spielen Regelwerke und deren Inhalte dabei? Wie funktionieren die verschiedenen Prozesse und wie kann die Zusammenarbeit erfolgreich verlaufen? Extra: Direkt in den Arbeitsalltag integrierbare Werkzeuge und Mustervorlagen u.a. zu Mitbewerberanalysen, Dienstplänen, Personalaudits, Tages- und Umsatzplanungen helfen bei der praktischen Umsetzung.

  • Das Thema Employer Branding hat in den letzten Jahren erheblich an Bedeutung gewonnen, weil die demografische Entwicklung zwangsläufig zu einer Verknappung am Arbeitsmarkt führen wird. Die Anforderungen eines wachsenden Dienstleistungssektors in einer Wissensgesellschaft verlangen zudem nach hher qualifizierten Mitarbeitern. Am Arbeitsmarkt tut sich also eine quantitative wie qualitative Schere auf. Für den Mittelstand kann dieser Spagat zu groß werden, wenn nicht entsprechend gegengesteuert wird. Tatsächlich ist Employer Branding gerade für mittelständische Unternehmen ein Weg, um sich gegenüber Konzernen als attraktiver Arbeitgeber zu positionieren, die Leistungsbereitschaft der Mitarbeitenden zu verbessern und Kosten nicht nur des Personalmanagements zu senken. Das Buch stellt den gesamten Managementprozess im Sinne von Planung Umsetzung Kontrolle des Employer Branding umfassend, aber kompakt mit zahlreichen Praxisbeispielen und konkreten Unternehmensfallstudien dar. Ziel ist es, Führungskräften mit Marketing- und Kommunikationsverantwortung sowie Mitarbeitenden in Personalabteilungen eine verständliche Anleitung an die Hand zu geben. Es ist das erste Buch, das den Employer-Branding-Prozess speziell auf KMU anwendet.

  • Bei vielen seiner witzigen Ideen, Physik humorvoll zu erklären, war ich echt sauer. Ich dachte mir: Warum zum Teufel bin ich da nicht drauf gekommen ... Vince Ebert, Diplomphysiker und Komiker ~Geben Sie's zu, wir alle fragen gerne mal: Was ist da drin?. Und einige, die hren mit dem Fragen einfach nicht mehr auf. Sie haken nach, bis es als Antwort nur noch gibt: Das war's, kleiner geht's nicht mehr. Da wo's klein wird, wird die Welt pltzlich ganz verrückt: Aus purer Energie werden Teilchen erzeugt. Materieteilchen bekommen Geschwister aus Antimaterie. Teilchen, die es eigentlich gar nicht geben dürfte, entstehen pltzlich aus dem Nichts. Das ist die Welt der Teilchenphysik.
    Teilchenphysiker bauen die grßten Experimente aller Zeiten, um die kleinsten Teilchen des Universums zu untersuchen. Sie gehen an die Grenzen des technisch Machbaren und überschreiten dabei die Grenzen unserer Länder. Wer das alles auch so spannend findet wie die Teilchenphysiker selbst, ist herzlich eingeladen, dieses Buch zu lesen. Wer glaubt, dass man ohne ein Studium in der Teilchenphysik nichts versteht, der auch. Quantenfeldtheorien, Teilchenbeschleuniger, Higgs-Mechanismus und Co werden hier nämlich statt durch fiese Formeln mit Hilfe von Affen, Enten, Igeln, Bibern und anschaulichen Bildern erklärt (die fiesen Formeln gibt's auch ab und zu - aber in Kästen, für die, die's wissen wollen). Und mit Hilfe von verlinkten Videos kann man dann auch noch direkt eintauchen in die Welt des CERN, des LHC Teilchenbeschleunigers und des ATLAS Experiments. Viel Spaß dabei! *** Über den Autor:  Boris Lemmer mag Elementarteilchen. Weil er schon immer wissen wollte, woraus die Welt zusammengebaut ist, entschloss er sich zu einem Physikstudium an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen und promoviert zur Zeit an der Georg-August-Universität Gttingen. Er arbeitet am ATLAS-Experiment, einem der beiden großen Allzweckdetektoren am weltgrßten Teilchenbeschleuniger LHC am Forschungszentrum CERN in Genf. Das Jahr 2012 verbrachte er am CERN und feierte mit seinen Kollegen unter anderem die Entdeckung des Higgs-Teilchens. Weil er seine Forschung so spannend findet, erzählt er gerne davon. Am liebsten so, dass es jeder versteht. Forschung zu vermitteln ist sein großes Hobby. Daher ist er auch ein großer Fan der Science Slams, bei denen er selbst mehrfach mitmachte und 2011 die deutsche Meisterschaft gewann.

  • Smart Algorithms for Multimedia and Imaging Nouv.

    This book presents prospective, industrially proven methods and software solutions for storing, processing, and viewing multimedia content on digital cameras, camcorders, TV, and mobile devices. Most of the algorithms described here are implemented as systems on chip firmware or as software products and have low computational complexity and memory consumption. In the four parts of the book, which contains a total of 16 chapters, the authors address solutions for the conversion of images and videos by super-resolution, depth estimation and control and mono-to-stereo (2D to 3D) conversion; display applications by video editing; the real-time detection of sport episodes; and the generation and reproduction of natural effects. The practical principles of machine learning are illustrated using technologies such as image classification as a service, mobile user profiling, and automatic view planning with dictionary-based compressed sensing in magnetic resonance imaging. The implementation of these technologies in mobile devices is discussed in relation to algorithms using a depth camera based on a colour-coded aperture, the animated graphical abstract of an image, a motion photo, and approaches and methods for iris recognition on mobile platforms. The book reflects the authors' practical experience in the development of algorithms for industrial R&D and the commercialization of technologies.Explains digital techniques for digital cameras, camcorders, TV, mobile devices;Offers essential algorithms for the processing pipeline in multimedia devices and accompanying software tools;Features advanced topics on data processing, addressing current technology challenges.

  • This book presents the state of the art in and offers up-to-date guidance on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), a rapidly evolving and expanding field. Written by experts from leading institutions, it offers a comprehensive overview of this condition, from initial treatment, to surgical approaches and rehabilitation.The book covers a variety of topics, including intra-articular injection options; treatment of uni- and tri-compartmental KOA; infected, unstable and stiff total knee arthroplasty; periprosthetic fractures; and prosthetic revision.

    A wealth of images and cutting edge information make this book an invaluable tool for orthopedic surgeons, rheumatologists, physiatrists, physiotherapists and all healthcare workers involved in the care of these patients.

  • This text provides one of the first book-length studies on the innovative and sustainable development of complex systems in the era of digital transformations, combining quantitative data from several countries with detailed qualitative accounts at the national level. In particular, the book covers the basic concepts, methods, and cutting-edge research on innovation and sustainability in complex systems. Given its scope, the book will be of great interest and value to researchers and practitioners working across the social sciences and in a diverse range of areas in complexity science. Pursuing a multidisciplinary approach, the book is also an ideal resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses in complexity science, sustainability research, economics, and development studies. 

  • This volume is a collection of articles on reliability and safety engineering presented during INCRS 2018. The articles cover a variety of topics such as big data analytics and their applications in reliability assessment and condition monitoring, health monitoring, management, diagnostics and prognostics of mechanical systems, design for reliability and optimization, and machine learning for industrial applications. A special aspect of this volume is the coverage of performance, failure and reliability issues in electrical distribution systems. This book will be a useful reference for graduate students, researchers and professionals working in the area of reliability assessment, condition monitoring and predictive maintenance.

  • This book contains selected papers in the area of structural engineering from the proceedings of the conference, Futuristic Approaches in Civil Engineering (FACE) 2019. In the area of construction materials, the book covers high quality research papers on raw materials and manufacture of cement, mixing, rheology and hydration, admixtures, characterization techniques and modeling, fiber-reinforced concrete, repair and retrofitting of concrete structures, novel testing techniques such as digital image correlation (DIC). Research on sustainable building materials like Geopolymer concrete and recycled aggregates are covered. In the area of earthquake engineering, papers related to the seismic response of load-bearing unreinforced masonry walls, reinforced concrete frame and buildings with dampers are covered. Additionally, there are chapters on structures subjected to vehicular impact and fire. The contents of this book will be useful for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in the areas of concrete, earthquake and structural engineering.

  • This book compiles selected articles presented at the International Conference on Biotechnology & Biological Sciences, BIOSPECTRUM 2017, organized by the Department of Biotechnology, University of Engineering & Management, Kolkata. Focusing on biotechnology-based analysis and intervention to address certain human diseases, the book includes a holistic discourse on disease profiling, molecular level analysis of diseases, and non-invasive medical interventions. It features articles on non-invasive treatment of iron deficiency anemia with iron nanoparticles; novel diagnosis methods based on microarray data; analysis using machine learning techniques like artificial neural network for early detection and treatment of cancer; and drug discovery for preventing the growth of human leukemic cells. Further, the book sheds light on in silico drug design using lipopeptides, and identifying the binding sites for their corresponding ligands. Presenting the concepts of the design of potent and safe antimicrobial compounds to fight multi drug resistant pathogens, it also includes interesting reviews on the design and development of various non-invasive methods, such as multi NIR wavelength probes to identify the risk areas in the diabetic foot at an early stage; and a low-cost cochlear implant prototype designed and developed from commercial off the-shelf components to empower the hearing impaired.
    The book appeals to students, academics and researchers in a wide range of subject areas, including biotechnology, life sciences, medicine and cancer research.

  • This volume gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of robotics engineering, as presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the Latin American Symposium on Industrial and Robotic Systems (LASIRS), held in Tampico, Mexico on October-November 30-01 2019. The contributions cover all major areas of R&D and innovation in simulation, optimization, and control of robotics, such as design and optimization of robots using numerical and metaheuristic methods, autonomous and control systems, industrial compliance solutions, numerical simulations for manipulators and robots, metaheuristics applied to robotics problems, Industry 4.0, control and automation in petrochemical processes, simulation and control in aerospace and aeronautics, and education in robotics. The conference represented a unique platform to share the latest research and developments in simulation, control and optimization of robotic systems, and to promote cooperation among specialists in machine and mechanism area.

  • This book presents advanced control techniques that use neural networks to deal with grid disturbances in the context renewable energy sources, and to enhance low-voltage ride-through capacity, which is a vital in terms of ensuring that the integration of distributed energy resources into the electrical power network. It presents modern control algorithms based on neural identification for different renewable energy sources, such as wind power, which uses doubly-fed induction generators, solar power, and battery banks for storage. It then discusses the use of the proposed controllers to track doubly-fed induction generator dynamics references: DC voltage, grid power factor, and stator active and reactive power, and the use of simulations to validate their performance. Further, it addresses methods of testing low-voltage ride-through capacity enhancement in the presence of grid disturbances, as well as the experimental validation of the controllers under both normal and abnormal grid conditions. The book then describes how the proposed control schemes are extended to control a grid-connected microgrid, and the use of an IEEE 9-bus system to evaluate their performance and response in the presence of grid disturbances. Lastly, it examines the real-time simulation of the entire system under normal and abnormal conditions using an Opal-RT simulator.

  • This book presents three types of synthetically cooperative DNA recognizing assemblies, in order to advance the development of programmable DNA-binding pyrrole-imidazole polyamides (PIPs). PIPs represent the best-characterized class of small molecule DNA binders that can be modified to bind with any predetermined DNA sequence and regulate gene expression patterns in a transgene-free and cost-effective manner. PIPs are characterized by their small molecular size, high binding affinity, programmability, sequence selectivity, and moderate cell permeability. In recent years, there have been numerous novel studies on the applications of these biological tools; this research is thoroughly reviewed in the first chapter.   There are several critical issues, however, that impede the further broad study of PIPs, which greatly concern the author. For instance, the short PIP version has an excessively hi^10 bp; this significantly decreases cell permeability. Moreover, the conventional binding strategy for PIP design cannot apply to flexible DNA binding-for example, the DNA-binding mode of a transcription factor pair. In this book, the author describes the development of three kinds of cooperative DNA-binding systems that help resolve the current highly problematic issues concerning PIPs. These three systems offer a range of significant advantages, such as favorable sequence selectivity, long recognition sequence, higher binding affinity, and a flexible gap distance. Released at a critical juncture in the application of PIPs, this book will greatly facilitate their use as therapeutic drugs in the treatment of cancer and hereditary diseases, and in regenerative medicine. 

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